Alexandre Astruc’s canonical essay, ‘The Birth of a New Avant-Garde: La Caméra -Stylo’ (), is considered a key precursor in the study of cinematic. La caméra-stylo. Alexandre Astruc. “What interests ine in the cinema is abstraction.’ (Orson Welles). One casinot help noticing that something is happening in the. Influenced by the introduction of the revolutionary 16mm film technology; French Filmmaker and critic Alexandre Astruc predicted a.

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Instead, there is a bland uniformity, a complacencya conformity. Stiegler attempts to rectify this error. What I am trying to say is that the cinema is now moving towards a form which is making it such a precise language that it will soon be possible to write ideas directly on film without even having to resort to those heavy associations of images that were the delight of the silent cinema.

In a similar vein, we can easily extend his comments on 16mm film to the emergence of digital video cameras, which now make it easier than ever for individuals to write with the camera — literally so.

French New Wave and international new wave cinema. It is such bodily advances that lead to the development of speech and language, both of which are made possible by the peculiar features of human anatomy.

La Camera Stylo – Alexandre Astruc

But it is significant that the films which fail to obtain the blessing of the critics are precisely those which myself and several of my friends all agree about.

Daniel Ross, Screening the Pastissue 36 June. So, in the case of the human, biological evolution and technical evolution are necessarily intertwined.

But Astruc does not stop there. Technics are not only fundamental in the development of human knowledge, but are also significant in the creation of a non-biological form of memory. Astruc begins his essay by suggesting that something qualitatively new is happening in the cinema. But there is a time and place for polemics. Leroi-Gourhan’s thesis is that while the cortical system of the human brain has remained largely unchanged since the Neanderthal period, the human being has continued to evolve because of the relationship he develops with technics.

He believed that cinema zstruc just like literature; not just a particular art but a language which can express any thought. In either case, we have a clear example of the way technics not only facilitates knowledge, but also allows for its extension and transformation.



That’s why I am talking about avant-garde. The fundamental problem of the cinema is how to express camrra. The development of the relationship between society and the individual in the 20th century has been actualized with the introduction of the Internet as a communication channel.

Let me say once again that I realise the term avant-garde savours of the surrealist and so-called abstract films of the s. Perhaps it could simply be called a tendency: Video production technology was only available to those in the industry as it was so expensive, bulky and also was made of a highly flammable nitrate base which limited production and distribution.

University of Chicago Press,p. There is always an avant-garde when something new takes place The cinema cannot but develop. The Internet and broadband access across the world astrruc the everyday person the opportunity to distribute their content online from their personal computer. The majority of prisoners do not transform their life, or like him become philosophers. In an art in which a length of film and sound-track is put in motion and proceeds, by means of a certain form and a certain story there can even be no story at all – it matters littleto evolve a philosophy of life, how can one possibly distinguish between the man who conceives the work and the man who writes it?

Alexandre Astruc

Cinematographic writing begins when the camera is brought into play, when it is brought into proximity with a set of pro-filmic elements — and a film is allowed to form of this encounter. By it I mean that the cinema will gradually break free from the tyranny of what is visual, from the image for its own sake, from the immediate and concrete demands of the narrative, to become a means of writing just as flexible and subtle as written language.

They develop technology for their own purposes, to suit their own specific economic needs or interests versus how it might have developed otherwise, had philosophers seen technology as a philosophical concern, directly related to ethics, aesthetics and questions of knowledge.

His ideas were published in an essay where he discussed the cinema aesthetics used by Orson Welles and Jean Renoir and compared them to recent 16mm technology and television.

It is an art that cannot live by looking back over the past … Already it is looking to the future; for the future, in the cinema as elsewhere, is the only thing that matters. The shift is from technics that facilitate memory to those that store it. Problems such as the translation into cinematic terms of verbal tenses and logical relationships interest us much more than the creation of the exclusively visual and static art dreamt of by the surrealists.


Influenced by the introduction of the revolutionary 16mm film technology; French Filmmaker and critic Alexandre Astruc predicted a breakthrough in patterns of production and distribution in the moving picture. Malraux’s L’Espoirthe film which he directed from his own novel, in which, perhaps for the first time ever, film language is the exact equivalent of literary language.

Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. Oxford University Press,pp. The economic and material difficulties of the cinema create the strange paradox whereby one can talk about something which does not yet exist; for although we know what we want, we do not know whether, when, and how we will be able to do it.

Stanford University Press,pp. All thought, like all feeling, is a relationship between one human being and another human being or certain objects which form part of his universe. He defended his dissertation inand, since then, has published more than a dozen books — a number of them organised around a common theme, as in the three-volume Technics and Time series, published in France between and The epistemological possibilities of film are directly tied to the temporal status of cinematographic images, their dynamic or dialectical qualities — although Astruc objects to the way Sergei Eisenstein equates dialectical thinking with montage.

Mitchell and Mark B. I will even go so far as to say that contemporary ideas and philosophies of life are such that only the cinema can do justice to them. This is due to the basic fact that all films are projected in an auditorium. We could say, in this context, that Truffaut offers his readers a useful reminder of the etymology of the term cinematography itself: The public spheres which first emerged in Germany and Austria during inter-war years were organized in response and opposition to the dominating public space.

This metaphor has a very precise sense. What is different between the two processes is that, in traditional writing, the same instruments are used at each stage of composition; whereas film involves different instruments or tools, each of which has its own range of potentials, and its own way of influencing the course of action to be taken. The MIT Press,p.