The BSSA. • Who we are! • What we do! • Stainless Steel. • Types and Structure. • Properties: mechanical, physical, corrosion resistance. marks the th anniversary of stainless steels. To mark this event, Alan Harrison of the British Stainless Steel Association (BSSA) has revised his popular . The BSSA Guide to Understanding Stainless Steel is now available to buy. Designed to give a basic knowledge of stainless steel to people.

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Passivation involves treating stainless steel surfaces with, usually, dilute nitric acid solutions or pastes. The Accreditation Scheme criteria requires all fabricators to conform to stringent standards of competence, training and education, personal and professional conduct, adhering to a Code of Ethics and a Code of Practice, and committing themselves to continuing competency development.

Stainless Steel for Architects. Dust and grime arising during fabrication may contain these contaminants and should be prevented from settling on stainless steels.

Nitric acid treatments will remove free iron, but not iron oxide contaminants. Difference Between and Welding Rods. The high temperature characteristics of welding can introduce surface and other defects which must be addressed.


So a ‘Get it right the first time’ approach to stainless fabrication is necessary to gain the best result. Stainless steel is best installed last to avoid damage during construction. Galvanic corrosion happens when two different metals are placed in an electrolyte environment; the cathode removes metal from the anode. The Scheme gives owners and specifiers of stainless steel greater certainty that fabrications using stainless steel will be performed by technically competent industry specialists.

Design, construction and technology Knowledge level: Erosion is caused by an abrasive fluid flowing past a metal at high velocity, removing its protective layer. The concentration is affected by temperature.

Corrosion Resistance of Stainless Steel to Sulfuric Acid | Sciencing

Intergranular corrosion is heat induced; the carbon in the steel uses the chromium to create chromium carbide, thus weakening the protection surrounding the heated area. The most frequently encountered fabrication problem is embedded iron and loose iron particles, which rapidly rust and initiate corrosion. Contact us General enquiries: How Does Rust Spread? She has been writing professionally since and has used her knowledge of programming, Web development and auto repair to share in her writing what she learns from her day-to-day adventures.


Understanding stainless steel is important to its successful application.

Understanding Stainless Steel – 1 Day Course

This corrosion happens when two different metals are introduced within the same electrolyte environment. Chemical and Electrochemical Cleaning Embedded iron, heat tint and some other contaminants can be removed by acid pickling, usually with a nitric-hydrofluoric acid mixture or by electropolishing. Designing Building Exteriors in Stainless Steel. Sulfuric acid is commonly referred to as battery acid. Passivating, unlike pickling, will not cause a marked change in the appearance of the steel surface.

Provides architects with practical guidance on the specification of stainless steel, including material grade, surface finish and flatness criteria, and factors influencing the cost of stinless specifications.

Increasing heat weakens the layer and the chromium needs to react with oxygen to create the protective layer.

A primary goal of the stainless steel industry is to have finished products put into service in a ‘passive’ condition free of corrosive reactions. Mechanical Cleaning Wire brushing should only be done with stainless steel bristles that have not been used on any other surface but stainless steel.

Undercut, spatter, slag and stray arc strikes must be minimised as they are potential sites of crevice corrosion. Pitting occurs when the protective layer of the stainless steel is penetrated creating an anodic spot.

Understanding the key factors which affect performance. Common causes of surface damage and defects during fabrication include: With just a few exceptions — gold, palladium and platinum — all metals corrode. Crevice corrosion is commonly found in crevices where bsssa is restricted and in low pH environments like sea water.

What is Stainless Steel? It can resist an acid at a concentration of 5 percent at room temperature. General cleanliness and removal of potential carbon contaminants such as crayon marks, oil or grease is important in obtaining good weld quality.


Depending on which text editor you’re pasting into, you might have to add the italics to the site name. Other common sources of contamination are abrasives previously used on carbon steel, carbon steel wire brushes, grinding dust and weld spatter from carbon steel operations, introducing iron filings by walking on stainless steel and iron embedded or smeared on surfaces during layout and handling.

The protective film reforms after exposure to air. Also, careful storage and handling steeel protective coating films are required prior to and during installation to minimise risk of damage to the stainless steel structure. Stress corrosion, or chloride stress corrosion, occurs when cracks occur while the metal is under tensile stress. Also effective is blasting with stainless steel shot, cut wire or new, iron-free stainlses garnet stteel a common choice. Distortion Stainless steel has a relatively high coefficient of thermal expansion coupled with low thermal conductivity, at least compared with stainlees steel.

Surface Contaminants Common contaminants likely to attack stainless steel include carbon steel and common salt. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. Surface damage, defects and contamination arising during fabrication are all potentially harmful to the oxide film that protects stainless steel in service. Specifying Stainless Steel for Architectural Applications. Welding The high temperature characteristics of welding can introduce surface and other defects which must be addressed.

Oil, grease, fingerprints, crayon, paint and chalk marks may also contain products that can provide crevices for localised corrosion and also act as shields to chemical and electrochemical cleaning. Selective leeching is a type of corrosion wherein a fluid will simply remove metal during demineralization or deionization.

Practical guidance on design. Mechanical cleaning is the most effective way to remove them.