“Laplanche’s work is much more accessible than Jacques Lacan’s; is it too much to hope that his brilliant work will help to reconcile American intellectuals to. “Laplanche’s work is much more accessible than Jacques Lacan’s; is it too much to hope that Life and Death in Psychoanalysis. Front Cover. Jean Laplanche. Life and Death in Psychoanalysis. Jean Laplanche translated by Jeffrey Mehlman. “Laplanche’s work is much more accessible than Jacques Lacan’s; is it too.
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Laplanche is best known for his work on psychosexual development and Sigmund Freud ‘s seduction theoryand wrote more than a dozen books on psychoanalytic theory. That is, however, a conclusion which follows, without any other justification, a development that is oriented quite differently: What path shall we take to avoid this false impasse?
The theory of seduction or of a “primal deceit” is a theory of repression and, consequently, of a major category of defense. To begin with, sexual activity attaches itself to [props itself upon] functions serving the purpose of self-preservation and does not become independent of them until later.
A second question may be grafted onto the first at this juncture: More remarkably still, Life and Death ultimately never appeals to the authority of Freud himself.
Life and Death in Psychoanalysis
The process invoked involves a temporal rhythm: Laplanche, in particular, has given us nothing less than a poetics of Freud’s work. Insofar as the object is that “in which” the aim finds its realization, the specificity or individuality of the object is, after all, of minimal concern; it is enough for it to possess certain traits which trigger the satisfying action; in itself, it remains relatively indifferent and contingent.
The “break- in” of sexuality from the other implies a biological focal point, but of a very special sort. If it is true in general that terminology, and above all its transposition from one language to another, can guide—but also misguide—us, problems of translation have introduced in the present case a confusion which is far from having disappeared.
For the term anaclitic was introduced by the translators in a text later than the Three Essays, the essay “On Narcissism”in which Freud contrasts two types of “object choice,” two ways in which the human subject selects his love object: It is generally understood to be absent in childhood, to set in at the time of puberty in connection with the process of coming to maturity and to be revealed in the manifestations of an irresistible attraction exercised by one sex upon the other; while its aim is presumed to be sexual union, or at all events actions leading in that direction.
Jes rated it it was amazing Jun 16, We encounter here a first possible elaboration of the notion of aim, its specification by its source’, and here, apparently we will soon see that the theory is in fact more complex a far more biologistic and vitalistic orientation seems to prevail.
Winnicottian Perspectives London p.
Life and Death in Psychoanalysis – Jean Laplanche – Google Books
Posted by Mimita at This binary operation is performed and at jeean same time destroyed by the colon, which signal an apposition between the two independent clauses of the sentence. Moreover, in each of these conceptual pairs, one of the elements is solidary with a specific conceptual scheme and the other with a second one.
The uneasiness of the contemporary reader upon encountering this text is beyond question. Laplannche is, I believe, the wager implicit in “Instincts and Their Vicissitudes,” and such as well is the trap that text sets for the unprepared reader: At its origin it attaches itself to [or props itself upon; entsteht in Anlehnung ah] one of the vital somatic functions; it has as yet no sexual object, and is thus auto-erotic; and its sexual aim is dominated by an erotogenic zone.
Any consideration of the “return to Freud” in France must come to some terms with the work of Jacques Lacan. Such is the case with Trieb “drive” and Instinkt “instinct”: What is “perverted” by sexuality is indeed the function, but a function which is somehow feeble or premature. In Freud’s thought, seduction may be situated in two different registers: No doubt, but regained at a different level.
The question then arises of determining the relation between an aim which is entirely general and as psychoanalyysis “impetus” abstract—the appeasing of tension—and, on the other hand, the very specific and determined acts which are the aims of various instincts: Those mechanisms call into play a variety of factors: This confirms the importance of one of the preconditions that were indicated by clinical experience: In the Three Essays, on the contrary, Freud founds his notion of perversion strictly on the sexual perversions.
And yet even in so late a text as the Outline, one senses the immense difficulty experienced by Freud in proposing a synthesis, as though his final contribution—concern- ing Eros and the death drive—could but barely be integrated into the first notion of sexuality. Which is to say that in therapy—although it can be defined in no other way than as an unveiling of truth—ultimately a reference to death as the truth of life or as the experience of truth can only be regarded as an uninterpretable, axiomatic psychoanalyssis.
Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Jean Laplanche seemed to live exclusively in Pommard until his death two years later. The Order of Life 21 There remains the problem of the source. I no longer believe in my neurotica [more precisely, in the theory of neurosis based on seduction and the “proton pseudos”]. By the “source of a drive” is meant “that somatic process in an organ or part of the body from psychoanwlysis there results a stimulus represented in mental life by a drive.
What is perverted is still the instinct, but it is as a vital function that it is perverted by sexuality. It seems to us in any event that if the difficulty with which Freud struggled denotes a certain instability in his thought, it is a necessary instability which appears temporarily when, in the dialectical evolution of a science, a theory is overturned and replaced by a new theory whose generalized axiomatic allows for the inclusion of the earlier theory as a particular case.
Pontalis, under the title Vocabulaire de la psychanalyse. What is called the economic point of view in psychoa- nalysis is quite precisely that of a “demand for work”: Refresh and try again.
Now that statement might strike a skeptical Anglo-American reader as the sheerest Psychoxnalysis extravagance were it not for the precision of the analyses in this book. In fact, the prototype of oral sexuality is not in the sucking of the breast, and is not, in all its generality, the activity of sucking [succion] but rather what Freud, drawing on the works of Lindner, calls das Ludeln oder Lutschen [sucotement].
It will be sensed that at stake in Laplanche’s reading is the immense American investment in its reading of Freud. It may be said, and these ate virtually the terms of Freud himself, that in the psychoanalusis scene we pife a sexual content in the explicit behavior of the adult protagonist, but that it is a sexual content, as it were, in itself and not for the subject.
The anr of the erotogenic zone is associated, in the first instance, with the satisfaction of the need for nourishment. Among the most original of Freud’s followers—and among those most open to the discovery of the unconscious—Melanie Klein, after Ferenczi, deserves mention in this context.
The movement we sketched above, a movement of exposition which is simultaneously the movement of a system of thought and, in the last analysis, the movement of the thing itself, is that the exception—i. We are thus able to focus on one of those moments in which economic concepts emerge directly from clinical practice; those concepts are but psychownalysis immediate transcription for Freud of what he observes of the play between affect and ideational representative.