Eriugena’s contemporaries invariably refer to him as Joannes Scottus or Joannes Scottigena. In the manuscripts of the tenth and subsequent centuries the forms. ERIUGENA, JOHANNES SCOTTUS(b. Ireland, early ninth century;d. England [?], c. ), natural philosophy, theology. For the original article on Eriugena see. The crucially important Christian mystic philosopher, translator, theologian and poet, John Scottus Eriugena (Johannes Scottus Eriugena or Scotus Erigena).

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God emanated nous, which means roughly the rational principle or mind, but nous gave rise to Spirit, which was the creative force. Life and Writings 1. He is not to be confused with the later philosopher John Duns Scotus. The Holy Scriptures too have a kind of infinite richness: The assumption is that things graspable by intellect alone belong to a realm above the material, corporeal world and hence are timeless.

They are coeternal with the Word of God. Eriugena conceives of the act of creation as a kind of self manifestation wherein the hidden transcendent God creates himself by manifesting himself in divine outpourings or theophanies I. What the Hell Is Hell? Through those translations he came deeply influenced by the Neoplatonic interpretation of the Christian doctrine, toward which he was already inclined because of his previous acquaintance with Platonism through the Latin theological tradition, in particular Augustine.

God is, properly speaking, ‘ plus quam deus ‘ [more than God] and ‘ plus quam trinitas ‘ P I. The concept of deification of human being becoming Godwhich Eriugena notes is more difficult for the Latins with the exception of Ambroseis a very powerful Greek thematic in [his work] Since the causes are immaterial, intellectual and eternal, so their created effects are essentially incorporeal, immaterial, intellectual, and eternal.

Christ possesses all the perfections of human nature, since vir autem perfectus est Christus IV. For him philosophy is not in the service of theology. Eriugena recognizes that Christ is unique and that the individual is not collapsed into the universal, even in the return.


Eriugena’s Periphyseon had immediate influence in France, notably at the schools of Laon, Auxerre and Corbie. He gives his name to the John Scottus School in Dublin. Floss, which is printed as Vol. Corporeal things will return to their incorporeal causes, the temporal to the eternal, the finite will be absorbed in the infinite.

Hegel, which led to his rediscovery in the twentieth century.

The Neoplatonic Theology of John Scotus Eriugena

Following the dialectical method of dividing a genus into species by differences, John presents a division that can be applied to the whole universe. This composite version disguised the gradual evolution of the text and Jeauneau nohn of the opinion that this mixed type of edition is inadequate to the needs of scholarship.

Even in final theophany, when all things have returned to God and God shall be ‘all in all,’ Eriugena never ‘conflates’ God and creature This mirroring of God in man occurs especially in the cognitive domain.

His intellectual temperament in theological speculation was towards freedom, rather than restraint. However, a case can also be made for saying that Eriugena really intends his perfected human nature to possess divine attributes in a genuine way. Other fine English-language works include: This is the voice of the bird of high flight From this we may conclude that man differs from God in subiectothat is, there is solely a difference in number.

Not to be confused with John Duns Scotus. His De divisione naturae or Perifiseon c. School of Gerona Catalonia view on immortality proofs In immortality contribution to Jjohn mysticism In Christianity: For the original article on Eriugena see DSBvol. The poems show Eriugena’s fascination with Greek, indeed some poems are written entirely in Greek.



Eriugena refers to the theosis or deification of human nature at Periphyseon I. So sei Gott ohne die Welt absolut negativ. God created the world in such a way that every genus or species is interconnected; both participating in the reality of a genus or species higher than itself, as well as a genus or species lower than itself. The apparent duality of all natura [nature, in the broadest sense of God, souls, world] is the result of deficient human understanding The fourth is again God, but regarded now as the end of all things; for just as creatures have emanated from God, so they will return to Him.

Eriugena’s method confronts us with the full force of the inexplicable nature of God as the reconciliation of all oppositesfor in God there cannot be opposition, and things in discord cannot be eternal. The fourth mode I.

Indeed there erigeja many places where Eriugena cites texts e. For Eriugena, true philosophy is vera ratio and indeed, all appeal to authority is nothing other than an appeal to right reason PeriphyseonI.

Eriugena celebrates the lack of limit and inherent transcendence not just of sctus nature but also of the whole of nature. This is Godthe final Term, or Goal, of all existence. An especially important authority was Maximus Confessor, whose account of the return of all things Scltus copiously borrowed. From the evidence available it is impossible to determine whether he was a cleric or a laymanalthough it is difficult to deny that the general conditions of the time make it more than probable that he was a cleric and perhaps a monk.

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