Joseph Aspdin: building construction: Reintroduction of concrete: Joseph Aspdin patented the first true artificial cement, which he called Portland Cement. Portland Cement – Joseph Aspdin. While preparing to build the Eddystone Lighthouse in , engineer John Smeaton conducted a series of experiments. Joseph Aspdin was an English cement manufacturer who obtained the patent for Portland cement on 21 October Joseph Aspdin (or Aspden) was the.

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This was a common practice for manufacturers of both Artificial and Portland cements when only hard limestones were available. He says it is in reply to mine of the 6th inst. Had French cement manufacturers believed they could justly claim the credit of the invention for one of their own countrymen, they would have named it after Vicat, but Aspdin’s cement is known all over the world by the name Portland cement.

Of course, Doctor not of Philosophy but of Divinity. Portland cement was first made in by Joseph Aspdin, a bricklayer in Leeds, England.

Joseph Aspdin

Beverley stayed in Leeds, but Aspdin and his family moved to Wakefield about nine miles away at this point. He perhaps means Frost’s plant, which much later began making Portland cement. It is the facts that matter, not the proofs. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

The grinding technology of the time consisted only of flat millstones, and it was more economic to comminute the limestone by burning and slaking than by grinding. Joseph Aspdin – Famous Inventor.

Joseph Aspdin biography, list of Joseph Aspdin inventions |

But the patent does not even specify the composition of the mix, let alone set any standard for its uniformity. This powder is to be mixed with a sufficient quantity of water to bring it into the consistency of mortar, and thus applied to the purposes wanted.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Limestone supply was clearly a major headache for Aspdin in the days before stone could be brought in by rail. So Pasley’s impressions don’t add much to our knowledge. Chandigarh Goa Pune Bhopal Surat. In witness whereof, I, the said Joseph Aspdin, have hereunto set my hand seal, this Fifteenth day of December, in the year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and twenty-four. Aspdin discovered that the key to making hydraulic cement cement that would harden when mixed with water was roasting a mixture of clay and limestone powder in a furnace.


The hardened mixture reminded Aspdin of the prized building rock quarried on the Isle of Portland, thus the term “Portland Cement.

It is believed to be out of copyright. Aspdin was born in Leedsthe second son of Joseph Aspdinan English cement manufacturer. In fact, Frost, who was in exactly the same business, set up his plant having first visited Vicat’s plant.

Joseph Aspdin English bricklayer and inventor who patented Portland Cement. The mixture so calcined is to be ground, beat, or aspin to a fine powder, and is then in a fit state for making cement or artificial stone. The product belongs joswph the category of “artificial cements” that were developed to compete with Parker ‘s Roman cementand was similar to that developed much earlier by James Frost.

Aspdin josepj granted a patent for ‘Portland cement’ in GBwhich specified: Inrolled the Eighteenth day of December, in the year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and twenty-four. This was a common practice for manufacturers of both Artificial and Portland cements when only hard limestones were available.

Fourteen years ago the Italian authority Cardi, in aspidn work on Esperimente sulle Cementgives England the credit for producing cement a lente presa. We may, however, be content in recognising that Portland cement is essentially an English invention, which has been developed to the degree of excellence now attained by the best makers in the country and locality of its origin.

Joseph Aspdin Memorial

The characteristic practise of the patent and of his lime patent is the use of “road sweepings” as a raw material.

In fact, the temperature needed to make Portland cement is the temperature above which alite is formed, which is much higher than that needed for decarbonation. The essence of the controversy over Joseph Aspdin concerns whether the product that he made, called Portland cement, and patented inwas only a quick-setting hydraulic lime, as made in many versions at the time, or whether it was a modern slow-setting high-strength cement such as we call Portland cement today.


The Thames Tunnel was a major engineering project and encountered many problems before it was completed and opened to the public in See below for the text of the patent. I cannot recall the last time something like that happened in politics or religion.

In this he was financially assisted by a Leeds gentleman, Mr Wm. This is another of William Aspdin’s claims.

A second correspondent was obviously aroused by the somewhat ludicrous comparison with Joseph Priestley, but might have done well to sleep on it before dashing off this rather intemperate response. He was undoubtedly the inventor of so-called “Portland cement”, and he was the first in this country to manufacture artificial cement on a large scale Note 7.

Joseph Aspdin was able to see his Portland cement used in a lasting monument before he died in There is no evidence that this actually happened. Almost immediately after this, inin partnership with a Leeds neighbour, William Beverley, he set up a production plant for this product in Kirkgate, Wakefield. This section needs additional citations for verification.

Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. InWilliam established his own plant at Rotherhithenear London. These dates are badly wrong.

He says that if the sweepings are not available he obtains ‘the limestone itself”. William subsequently moved south to north-east Kent, where inexhaustible supplies of soft chalk were available, and launched the “modern” Portland cement industry.

He was, moreover, anticipated in his invention by Vicat, a Frenchman whose name has come down to us as the inventor of an instrument called Vicat’s needle, used to this day in testing the hardness of cement and the stiffness of clays.

Views View Edit History. Autobiography of Isaac Charles Johnson, Esq. We know Priestley undoubtedly was the first discoverer of oxygen, although Scheele made the same discovery independently two years later, in When he later made this specious claim, the lack of any consensus about the role of the Aspdins allowed it to be accepted without challenge.